Higgs boson: The existence of the God particle about to be confirmed

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CERN proton-proton collision

Graph showing the CERN proton-proton collision in December 2011

July 4, Geneva: Physicists around the world could push Wednesday morning a sigh of relief if CERN confirms the existence of the famous Higgs boson, the missing link of elementary particles they track for decades.

Since last year, the noose continues to tighten around this elusive particle without that researchers have so far managed to uncover it.

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva could make the announcement at the seminar held Wednesday to present new results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the largest accelerator particles of the world.

Provided that the “scientific” evidence sufficient to confirm the simple “guidance” on his hideout already published in late 2011, experts insist.

But even if they announce on Wednesday to have discovered a new particle, CERN physicists will have had time to check that it is the boson deduced in 1964 by the British Peter Higgs and his colleagues to explain what gives a mass to elementary particles in the theory of the “standard Model”. And not a particle more “exotic” that would pave the way for new theories.

“It’s a bit like seeing a familiar face in the distance,” said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. “Sometimes it is necessary to look more closely to ensure that it is his best friend, and then the sister of his best friend,” he says.

All played in the heart of the LHC in Geneva since its main competitor, the Tevatron U.S. was finally closed last year.

It is in this ring of 27 km in circumference, located 100 meters underground that physicists are colliding billions of protons hoping to find the trace of the boson in the debris, a cascade of particles, using myriad detectors.

Last December, the hiding of the Higgs boson was already greatly reduced, the two independent experiments underway at the LHC (ATLAS and CMS) pointing to a region between 124 and 126-volt gigaélectron.

But the error remained far too important to allow researchers to state formally have “discovered” the boson.

It’s probably more a matter of time now, but until proven otherwise, “the only thing we do not know about the Higgs boson, if there is and what is its mass “, to quote one of them.

News Gathered by India News

Posted by on Wednesday, July 4th, 2012. Filed under Education, Tech. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

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